New York must cut greenhouse gas emissions by 85% by 2050 under the CLCPA. New Yorkers must alter to do so. Climate Action Council’s draft scoping plan includes these revisions.
Buildings are the state’s greatest greenhouse gas polluters; the draft plan predicts decarbonizing them would boost employment development and economic potential.
The draft plan aims to cover new construction and retrofits for all structures, from single-family houses to commercial and institutional buildings. Equity and affordability must be considered.
The strategy advises selecting natural investment opportunities in a building’s life cycle (e.g., construction, equipment replacement, sales/leasing), updating equipment at the end of its life cycle, and establishing strategic market incentives and subsidies.
Heat pumps may be eligible for incentives and subsidies for energy efficiency and capital improvements.
Heat pump effectiveness in cold weather and installation cost have been questioned.
Roger Caiazza is a former air pollution meteorologist and author. Pragmatic Environmentalist of New York.
Two heat pump types exist. Caiazza noted that the air source heat pump is straightforward to install and inexpensive. And a ground source heat pump, which requires a heat-exchanging ground loop but is superior since the earth is constantly warm.
Air source heat pumps are a worry for upstate New York in the winter. The scoping plan suggests an additional resistance heating unit and probable house “shell” expenditure.
The proposed scoping plan addresses fundamental and deep shell enhancements. An pricey deep shell. Caiazza says you may utilize an air source heat pump year-round if you have a deep shell.
You won’t need electric resistance back up heat, Caiazza explained.
Ground source heat pumps are more effective in cold temperatures, but more costly. An air source heat pump will cost $14,678 plus $1,140 for the electric resistance backup, according to the draft scoping plan.
Caiazza says installing a ground source heat pump may cost $34,082.
Basic house insulation costs $6409. Deep shells cost $45,136.
Estimates for heat pumps, installation, and supplemental heat vary from $22,227 to $79,218.
Yes! You’ll get subsidies and tax credits when you invest.
“NYSERDA (New York State Energy Research and Development Authority) has several initiatives, and I assume there are federal ones for heat pumps,” Caiazza added.
At state-wide hearings, the public is asked to comment on the proposed scoping plan. Details here.
Here’s the CAC’s draft scoping plan. Page 28 covers energy efficiency and housing.